HOW POLLUTED IS THE PHILIPPINES?

AIR QUALITY OF THE PHILIPPINES
Just how clean (or dirty) is the air in the Philippine?

The title might be a little presumptuous, as it denotes that the Philippines is polluted. But is this really the case though?

A fair question to start off is to know, how air quality is being measured. What are the metrics?

Total Suspended Particulates

Total suspended particles (TSP) is an archaic regulatory measure of the mass concentration of particulate matter (PM) in community air. It was defined by the (unintended) size-selectivity of the inlet to the filter that collected the particles.

The air quality of our country is still dirty but improving in terms of TSP. For 2008, TSP level is 99ug/Ncm, for a 29% reduction from 2004 to 2008.

In 2015, National Capital Region reached 130 micrograms per normal cubic meter (µg/Ncm).

The acceptable level is 90 ug/Ncm – annual air quality guideline value for Total Suspended Particulates (TSP).

Salient Features of the Philippine Clean Air Act

The State shall pursue a policy of balancing development and environmental protection. To achieve this end, the framework for sustainable development shall be pursued. As such, it shall be the policy of the State to:

Formulate a holistic national program of air pollution that shall be implemented by the government through proper delegation and effective coordination of function and activities;

Encourage cooperation and self-regulation among citizen and industries through the application of incentives market-based instruments;

Focus primarily on pollution prevention rather than on control and provide for a comprehensive management program on air pollution;

Promote public information and education to encourage the participation of an informed and active public in air quality planning and monitoring; and Formulate and enforce a system of accountability for short and long term adverse environmental impact of a project, program or activity.

This shall include setting up of a funding or guarantee mechanism for clean-up and environmental rehabilitation and compensation for personal damages.

BLACK NAZARENE OF MANILA PHILIPPINES RITUALS AND PROCESSION

Black Nazarene of Manila and its procession is one of the most spectacular events in the country. It is in fact the largest procession in the Philippines, held every 9th of January. Its home church is the Church of Quiapo.
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The figure Black Nazarene refers to a black wooden sculpture of Christ decorated in beautiful fabric. It is pulled through the streets on a cart. (Black Nazarene is Quiapo's patron saint)

This sculpture was brought by the Spaniards in the 16th century.

Hundreds of thousands of people would join the procession each year. It is believed to be a "miraculous" and life altering experience.
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Black Nazarene procession. Credits to Philstar

Many of the participants would try to the touch the Black Christ, in the hopes that doing so will bless them. Some even claimed that it cured them from ilnesses.


HOW CRUCIAL AND HISTORICAL THE 2016 VICE PRESIDENTIAL RACE MAY BECOME

With less than 45 days before election time, everybody is talking about the Presidential Race. Not much is being spoken on the Vice Presidential derby. Rightfully so, as the battle for Malacanang is turning out to be one of the tightest races in recent memory.

But let us shift our focus a bit on the Vice Presidential Race. Who's here, and how the victor might become more than what they seek to be.

Officially, there are six (6) candidates as finalized by the COMELEC.

The following are:

Senators Francis Escudero, Alan Peter Cayetano, Ferdinand "Bongbong" Marcos Jr, Antonio Trillanes IV, and Gregorio Honasan, and Camarines Sur Representative Maria Leonor "Leni" Robredo.

Five Senators, One Congressman. Not that it mean much.

Let's play first impression here. That is, I will describe the aforementioned candidates based on the first thing that would come to my mind (and probably yours too).

Francis Escudero

Makata, Evil Scheming Grin, Heart Evangelista

Alan Peter Cayetano

Taguig, Companero, Duterte's Vice

Ferdinand "Bong Bong" Marcos

Martial Law, In denial, Half Cup Rice Bill

Antonio Trillanes IV

Oakwood Mutiny

Gregorio Honasan

Coup d Etat

Maria Leonor "Leni" Robredo

Asawa ni Jesse Robredo

Look, it is obviously very unfair to judge and base your votes on those little and obscure descriptions, but this post is not about who they are, what they have done or failed to do. You can find it almost everywhere these times (election time), and we are not about to add anymore. By now, you know better. And we are not endorsing anyone.

HOWEVER. Contemplate and think about this. Due to the "fragility" of the Presidential Candidates we have right now, one of these VP Candidates may end up a step higher than they initially hoped for, in no time.

It is now time to play President X will be ousted because!!! 

Imagine these possibilities.

Binay Wins
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Then impeached in no time due to all of his cases.

Duterte Wins
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But steps out of the position if he fails to clean house in 6 months, knowing that he is a man of honor.

Poe Wins
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But a final decision on her Nationality states that she does not qualify.

Mirriam Wins
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Then realizes that she if not fit enough.

Then Roxas, well he's not gonna win.

No F8cking Way.



That is how crucial and could be historical the upcoming Vice Presidential Race is.

We may have not realized it at the moment.